Special Education is a specialized area of education which uses unique instructional methods, materials, learning aids, and equipment to meet the educational needs of children with learning disabilities.
Special needs children can have a hard time coping within the regular classroom setups. The disorder and the behavioural issues associated with it usually pose a huge challenge to the child to cope up with the everyday activities and studies of a regular class. The child may be good at on a skill but poor at many others. This is where Special Education steps in. The Special Educator is trained to provide remedial instructions that aim to bring about improvement in various skills or abilities in each child.
Using various techniques, such a more practice or explanation, repeating the information and devoting more time to working on the skills, the teacher guides each student through the educational process. A student that might, for example, have a low reading level might be given remediation on a one on one basis, phonic instruction and practice reading text aloud.
The Special educator helps to develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for each special education student. The IEP sets personalized goals for each student and is tailored to the student’s individual needs and ability. Teachers work closely with parents to inform them of their child’s progress and suggest techniques to promote learning at home. They are involved in the students’ behavioural, social, and academic development, helping the students develop emotionally, feel comfortable in social situations, and be aware of socially acceptable behaviour. The Special educator communicates and works together with parents, psychologists, speech therapists, occupational and physical therapists and others.